What are vaccines? How they protect my baby? Are they really necessary? Are they safe? Which are the vaccines available? With arrival of a newborn in the family every parent is faced with these questions.
Vaccines contain organisms, which arealtered in such a wayso that they are not capable of producing disease but when administered in the body they are capable of producing substances, which fight against disease. After a variable period of time of vaccination these substances called antibodies are produced and protect our body from that disease.
Vaccines are the wonders of 20th century. Their impact on the health of society can never be overemphasized. Global eradication of dreaded disease, like small pox is the most outstanding example of their success story. With their use, control and eradication of diseases like polio, diphtheria, tetanus is now within our reach. With ongoing research in this field, we can hope to have vaccines for diseases like AIDS, malaria, diarrhea [commonly caused by virus called rotavirus] in near future.
Vaccination is absolutely necessary for every child. Because, prevention is always better than cure. It protects your child from many dreaded diseases, some of which have no cures like polio and hepatitis B. Apart from individual protection, they prevent spread of the disease in the society.
Yes. Most of the vaccines are safe. In some children D.P.T. can cause fever, pain and swelling at the site of injection which is easily controlled by paracetamol syrup prescribed by your doctor. But, even this can be avoided by using newer variety of D.P.T. vaccine.
Rarely, a vaccine can cause allergic reaction, so you should be careful about following things:
Following are the commonly used vaccines
COMPONENT DPT VACCINE-[ Tripacel]
Newer and safer variety of DPT vaccine .This vaccine has very low incidence of fever, swelling, excessive cry or convulsion unlike conventional DPT vaccine. Preferred over conventional DPT [whole cell vaccine].
* Hepatitis b is one of the fastest spreading & deadly disease. Spreads by transmission from infected mother to her baaby, transfusion of contaminated blood or blood product, or use of unsterilised needles and syringes etc.
* Starting features are usually fever, jaundice, loss of appetite and weakness. Virus remains in the body for long time and may lead to liver cancer or cirrhosis. No effective treatment is available. Only way to prevent is timely vaccination. Must vaccines even for adults.
Presently available vaccine containing Vi antigen is given at 2 yrs of age. Repeat doses are given at 3 yrs interval.
Typhoid fever is fairly common in our country especially during summer and rainy season. It spreads through infected water, unclean vegetables etc. Vaccine does not provide absolute protection so food and water hygiene should always be maintained.
CHICKEN POX VACCINE
Chicken poxis a viral disease characterized by fever, water filled rashes all over body and intense itching all over body. Usually disease is mild and self-limiting but may leave permanent scars over body. At times serious complication like involvement of brain and other organs by virus may occur, which are difficult to manage and may leave permanent damage.
Hepatitis-A virus spreads through contaminated water, food, raw uncooked vegetables or unhygienic juices, ice creams, sugarcane juice, gol gappa etc from vendors. Faifly common disease during summers and rainy season. Presenting features area fever, jaundice, loss of appetite and weakness. No effective drug is available against virus. Mostly self limiting disease but complications may occur leading to liver failure.